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Re: [tlug] how filesystem works?
- Date: Tue, 3 Apr 2007 01:45:21 +0900
- From: "Arwyn Hainsworth" <email@example.com>
- Subject: Re: [tlug] how filesystem works?
- References: <20070329090009.GK3981@example.com> <460BAF7A.firstname.lastname@example.org> <20070330070435.GM3981@example.com> <email@example.com> <firstname.lastname@example.org> <Pine.NEB.email@example.com> <460FD438.firstname.lastname@example.org> <461069F6.email@example.com> <firstname.lastname@example.org> <4610C680.email@example.com>
On 02/04/07, firstname.lastname@example.org <email@example.com> wrote:LVM will help with that, yes. But LVM also has its disadvantages. What I am trying to say is that there is no silver bullet and that each situation has it's own optimal configuration, but in most cases a simple 2/3 partition configuration will suffice.Arwyn Hainsworth wrote:
> On 02/04/07, * firstname.lastname@example.org
> <mailto:email@example.com>* <firstname.lastname@example.org
> <mailto:email@example.com>> wrote:
> Stuart Luppescu wrote:
> > Curt Sampson wrote:
> >> root 64-128 MB
> >> tmp 128-1024 MB mfs
> >> /usr 2-4 GB
> >> /var 0.5-2 GB nosuid
> >> /home 2-8 GB nosuid,nodev
> >> /u remainder nosuid,nodev
> > This is something I never understood. Someone told me to put /var in
> > its own partition because if it fills us (with log files, or
> > it will crowd out other stuff and make the computer unusable. I did
> > that, and then /var filled up, syslog and cron complained about not
> > being able to write files and the whole computer froze up. Now I put
> > /var inside / and haven't had any problems.
> Have you ran out of memory in your one and only root partition and
> had any problems?
> You will have problems when you run out of space no matter how you
> break up your partitions. The reason for separate partitions is not
> for space, but to allow different mount options or even different file
> systems for different tasks. Note that in the example above /usr, /var
> and /home are all mounted with different options. As another example,
> in some server environments you might want to have /var/log on an
> append-only fs to prevent log tampering.
Mount options and choice of file systems, are good reasons for using
separate partitions but partitioning space is also a good reason. All
these things are really about making your system more robust. Saying
that "You will have problems when you run out of space no matter how you
break up your partitions." is like trying to justify not making proper
backups because they won't stop disk failures.
No, it's more along the lines of "Even if you make backups, you will have trouble reading data from you disk if the disk fails.". Backups prevent data loss, they do not prevent the pain of replacing a hard drive. Using multiple partitions gives a few advantages, but does not prevent problems when they run out of space. If /var gets full some services might not want to run, if /home is full KDE and Gnome will not login and likewise some programs will fail if /tmp is full.> In most cases such separation is not really required and badly chosen
> partition sizes can cause more problems than they are worth.
This is what Logical Volume Management is for, unless you can predict
with absolute certainty what your future disk usage will be fixed
partition sizes are a really bad idea.
- Re: [tlug] how filesystem works?
- From: firstname.lastname@example.org
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