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Re: [tlug] how filesystem works?

Arwyn Hainsworth wrote:
> On 02/04/07, *
> <>* <
> <>> wrote:
>     Stuart Luppescu wrote:
>     > Curt Sampson wrote:
>     >>
>     >>     root    64-128 MB
>     >>     tmp        128-1024 MB    mfs
>     >>     /usr    2-4 GB
>     >>     /var    0.5-2 GB    nosuid
>     >>     /home    2-8 GB        nosuid,nodev
>     >>     /u        remainder    nosuid,nodev
>     > This is something I never understood. Someone told me to put /var in
>     > its own partition because if it fills us (with log files, or
>     whatever)
>     > it will crowd out other stuff and make the computer unusable. I did
>     > that, and then /var filled up, syslog  and cron complained about not
>     > being able to write files and the whole computer froze up. Now I put
>     > /var inside / and haven't had any problems.
>     Have you ran out of memory in your one and only root partition and
>     not
>     had any problems?
> You will have problems when you run out of space no matter how you
> break up your partitions. The reason for separate partitions is not
> for space, but to allow different mount options or even different file
> systems for different tasks. Note that in the example above /usr, /var
> and /home are all mounted with different options. As another example,
> in some server environments you might want to have /var/log on an
> append-only fs to prevent log tampering.

Mount options and choice of file systems, are good reasons for using
separate partitions but partitioning space is also a good reason.  All
these things are really about making your system more robust.  Saying
that "You will have problems when you run out of space no matter how you
break up your partitions." is like trying to justify not making proper
backups because they won't stop disk failures.

> In most cases such separation is not really required and badly chosen
> partition sizes can cause more problems than they are worth.

This is what Logical Volume Management is for, unless you can predict
with absolute certainty what your future disk usage will be fixed
partition sizes are a really bad idea.


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