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RPM standalone, xv 3.10a, and DLLs

... that was Cool! it ran on Linux ...

After a bit of pulling and tugging, I got 'rpm' (the RedHat package
manager) to run on my Slackware/JE/miscellaneous system.  Sorry, I
forget exactly what pulling and tugging was involved; I seem to recall 
that I grabbed rpm-cpio, then had to get a newer version of cpio.  A
good place for GETTING-GNU-SOFTWARE (at least from Kanto and Tohoku sites) is


SunSite.SUT is not a particularly good place for Linux stuff, it only
mirrors, and seems to lag that by a bit (I seem to
recall that kernels 2.0.14 and 2.0.15 are out already, but SunSite.SUT
only has 2.0.13).  But the connection is FAST.

Next I grabbed a bunch of RPMs off the RedHat mirror on  "This is great," I thought.  But then...
KA-CHUNGK:  xv barfed up

xv: can't load library ''

OK, so I need another DLL.  Hah!  Go ahead, find one.  (JWT is in fine
shape, maybe, there's a Czech site distributing Sparc libjpeg.sos in
RPM format).  I couldn't find it on either ftp.lab.kdd or even  Archie didn't know nothing, neither did InfoSeek or
Alta Vista.  Alright, that Czech site had SRPMs for JPEG-6a (I've
already built the JPEG libs for Ghostscript, but I never built a
*shared* lib---supposed to be TAIhen).  But apparently the comments
are in Czech or something, and RPM didnae laik i' wan bit, Captan.

So I went to my source, and did "cp Makefile".  I added $(LIBOBJS)
	$(LN) -o -shared $(LIBOBJS)

and did "make -f".  Then "cp
/lib/;ldconfig;xv" and xv barfed again.  OK, so I did
"ln -s /lib/", and xv loaded!!!  And xv
displayed GIFs!!! and xv displayed XBMs!!! and xv exited with a fatal
error on a JPEG.  All my genki drained out.  But wait, here's a Clue.

xv: can't resolve symbol 'jpeg_create_decompress'

Trying nm on the .so, I got a reference to 'jpeg_CreateDecompress'.
That's right, JPEG-6 is not backward compatible; I remember that!  But
I don't have a copy of JPEG-5, so I gotta go get one.  ftp ... 
./configure ... mule ... make ... cp ... ldconfig ... xv
---and xv barfed again on the  OK, so "ln -s
/lib/; ldconfig; xv" and Viola!

Does anybody know anything about making jump tables for ELF shared
libraries?  :-)

Hmm ... let's see, since nm works, maybe ...

Good grief, if the usual invocation to link 'djpeg' is

gcc  -o djpeg djpeg.o wrppm.o wrgif.o wrtarga.o wrrle.o wrbmp.o \
        rdcolmap.o cdjpeg.o libjpeg.a


gcc  -o djpeg djpeg.o wrppm.o wrgif.o wrtarga.o wrrle.o wrbmp.o \
        rdcolmap.o cdjpeg.o /lib/

gives a working executable!  This is like magic!!!!  Note:

bash# ls -l djpeg*
-rwxr-xr-x   1 root     root        23520 Aug 29 13:35 djpeg
-rwxr-xr-x   1 root     root        93724 Aug 29 13:33 djpeg-static
-rw-r--r--   1 301      20          18736 Jan  8  1996 djpeg.c
-rw-r--r--   1 root     root        10656 Aug 29 13:30 djpeg.o

So can function as its own jump table.

What's the big deal about shared libs?  Did the move from COFF to ELF
really make it that easy, or is it something to do with making a
shared lib that you can distribute to other people?  I'm going to have
to see if I can build Ghostscript with shared JPEG, PNG, and Zlib

... Cool!  Linux works on anything! ....

Oh, by the way, xv 3.10a is neat, a big improvement in user interface
over 3.0.  :-)  If you're using a previous version of xv, it's worth
an upgrade.

                           Stephen John Turnbull
University of Tsukuba                                        Yaseppochi-Gumi
Institute of Policy and Planning Sciences
Tennodai 1-1-1, Tsukuba, 305 JAPAN       
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