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tlug: Re: bash ?

tlug note from Jim Tittsler <>
Jim Schweizer <> writes:

I think you will find this is an 'ed' question, not a bash one.

> I'm trying to write a bash script that strips the header from
> mail files before I print them (XFMail won't do this and often
> the header is longer than the message) using ed. I must admit
> that the ed man page gave me a headache;-(
> ed $1 << EOF
> 1,/^[]*$/d
      ^^ I don't think you can have an empty character set.
If you want to match any character, use a '.'.  However, what
I think you want is a blank line, which would be simply ^$
(i.e. the beginning of the line followed by the end of the line).
> w
> q
> When I try to use this ed counts the number of lines then exits
> with ?

Actually, it is probably printing the number of *characters* and
then complaining about the empty character set.  ed will show
the characters read and written if you give it valid commands
in your script.

BTW:  Instead of using 'ed', you might consider using the "stream"
version called 'sed'.  It is handy to stick in a pipe when you are
munging the data on the way somewhere else.  Perhaps you could 
create a shell script that looked like:

sed -e "1,/^$/d" <$1 | lpr

which uses a command line script to delete the stuff up to and
including the first blank line on the way to lpring it.  Even
better if you can stick such a filter into your mailer's save
or print function.  (Or maybe even make a special printer
entry with such a default filter?)

Jim Tittsler, Tokyo
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